Precision medicine, also called Personalized Medicine, revolves around the idea that a condition -- like cancer or heart disease – present in you isn’t necessarily the same condition as in someone else. Instead, your genomic constitution, the environment you live in, your diet and a number of other parameters influence your health, specific symptoms, and even the potential for various treatments to work effectively.
In their search to understand the roots of these differences, scientists believe they can choose treatments that are more effective for a specific patient than the standard of care.
Precision medicine, at its core, is about matching the right drugs to the right people.
Pharmacogenomics is a key component of precision medicine.
Pharmacogenomics is the study of how genes affect a person’s response to particular drugs. This relatively new field combines pharmacology (the science of drugs) and genomics (the study of genes and their functions) to develop effective, safe medications and doses that are tailored to variations in a person’s genes.
It aims to develop rational means to optimize drug therapy, with respect to the patient's genotype, to ensure maximum efficacy with minimal adverse effects. Such approaches promise the advent of personalized medicine, in which drugs and drug combinations are optimized for each individual's unique genetic makeup.